Asthma attacks all age groups but often starts in childhood.
It is a disease characterized by recurrent attacks of dry cough, breathlessness and wheezing and choking which vary in severity and frequency from person to person.t is more pronounced in the night I In an individual, they may occur from hour to hour and day to day.
This condition is due to inflammation of the air passages in the lungs and affects the sensitivity of the nerve endings in the airways so they become easily irritated. In an attack, the lining of the air passages swells because of mucus, bronchial muscle constriction causing the airways to narrow and reducing the flow of air in and out of the lungs.
History- classical history of dry cough, breathlessness, choking and wheezing more so in the night.
Asthma can be controlled most often by avoiding contact with triggers.
Inhalers: The medicine inside the inhaler opens the tubes that go to the lungs. The inhaler is usually used to prevent an asthma attack or to stop an attack that is already happening.
NEWER APPROACH IN ASTHMA MANAGEMENT IS IDENTIFICATION OF ALLERGEN IN IgE INDUCED ASTHMA
Which gradually exposes people to larger and larger amounts of allergens over a definite period of time and a stage is reached when the body does not react to the said allergen.